eating &Exercising with your cycle
this module contains 2 blogs and 2 podcasts
exercising with your menstrual cycle
Today, we’re breaking down something that’s rarely talked about: exercising with your cycle. Most women tend to do the same types of workouts throughout the month, powering through when they feel tired or beating themselves up when they have a less than stellar day in the gym. But what if your fluctuating gym performance and energy levels were the result of your naturally circulating hormones and not any fault of your own? Yep - we like that truth a lot better, too.
If you’ve never heard about this before, you’re not alone. Since most research done on exercise has been centered around men, it makes sense that women’s hormones and exercising cyclically haven’t yet made it into the conversation. But we think it’s time to change that. Just as you can eat with your cycle, you can move with it too. Let’s dive in!
Shifting Exercise with Your Cycle
One quick note before we fully dive in - this advice is largely for those who are not on hormonal birth control, since hormonal birth control suppresses ovulation and removes many of the elements that come with a natural cycle. While you can certainly still take the tips we outline here and implement them, you might not see the same energy fluctuations throughout the month as someone off the pill will.
As menstruators, our hormones are constantly fluctuating throughout the month, and with that comes different energy levels and different capacity for intense workouts. At the end of the day, we’re all unique and have different needs, so it’s important to listen to your body. Even the definition of an “intense” workout varies from person-to-person depending on physical capabilities, fitness level, stress load, and overall health.
With that in mind, let’s talk through what the experts recommend when it comes to exercising with your cycle.
While it’s totally safe to exercise on your period (and movement may even help PMS symptoms), you won’t always feel like it. Play it by ear and focus on how you’re feeling to determine the best workout for you during this time. During the first few days of your period, you may find that you prefer walking, stretching, yoga, pilates, or other low impact activities. But if you’re someone who regularly exercises intensely, you may find that you’re able to get back to your regularly scheduled programming after the first few days of your period.
As your period comes to a close and your hormone levels begin to increase, with higher levels of estrogen and testosterone, your body is primed for harder workouts. If you enjoy lifting weights, you’ll probably find that you have more energy in the gym and can lift heavier during this part of your cycle. You’ll find you have more capacity for workouts like HIIT (high intensity interval training), running, weight training, and bodyweight workouts.
If you’re someone who is very into weight lifting, think of the follicular phase as the perfect time to focus on lifting heavier in pursuit of a PR.
We’ve discussed this before, but your hormones peak during ovulation, which means that energy from the follicular phase carries over into the ovulatory phase too. As in the ovulatory phase, you might find that you have increased capacity for HIIT, running, weight training, cycling, bodyweight workouts, and other more intense forms of exercise.
After ovulation, your hormones are shifting yet again. Progesterone levels rise, estrogen levels dip, then rebound, and then both decrease again as your period approaches. Practically speaking, this means you’ll likely have higher energy at the beginning of this phase that starts to wane as you edge closer to your period. All this to say, you may find that you can maintain your normal, more intense workout routine in the early days of the luteal phase. But, if your energy dips and you’re not feeling up to it as this phase progresses, it’s a great idea to work in some lower impact, less intense exercise, like walking, yoga, pilates, or swimming.
And interestingly, since progesterone increases the laxity of ligaments and tendons (aka - it increases their ability to stretch!) you may want to avoid lifting too heavy in the days before your period. It’s a lot easier to get injured with your body in this state.
If you’re someone who lifts weights, the luteal phase is the time to focus more on form and consistency while lifting lighter (for you) weights.
The Bottom Line
Eating with your menstrual cycle
Did you know that your body actually has different needs depending on where you’re at in your cycle? It’s true! But don’t worry - you don’t have to spend hours curating the perfect cyclical diet. A few simple tweaks can help you support your body and your sense of balance.
The idea that certain food and lifestyle tweaks can regulate your cycle, decrease PMS symptoms, and optimize fertility is nothing new. In fact, it’s sometimes called cycle syncing and it has been around for years. We think it makes complete sense; as women, our hormones are constantly fluctuating throughout the month. Why wouldn’t we eat in a way that best protects that hormonal balance?
Today, we’re breaking down some of the foods to focus on during each phase of your cycle.
What’s happening: At the beginning of the menstrual phase, energy is low and hormone levels are at an all-time low, too. Gradually, estrogen starts to increase.
What to eat: Opt for warm, nourishing foods. Think stews and soups, plus iron-rich foods like leafy greens or grass-fed meat. Also aim to get omega-3 fats (from flax, pumpkin seeds, or wild-caught fish) to help improve PMS symptoms. Flax seeds and pumpkin seeds also naturally increase estrogen levels (a good thing in this case!).
What’s happening: Estrogen and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) continue to rise, which means your energy increases too. Yippee!
What to eat: Aim to keep your estrogen levels in check with protein, healthy fats, and vegetables. Foods high in vitamin E like sweet potatoes and leafy greens will support the growing follicles (follicles are small sacs of fluid in the ovaries which each hold an egg).
What’s happening: Estrogen levels peak, which means your energy and motivation peak too. It’s important to support your liver during this phase, since it’s helping to flush out toxins, including excess estrogen.
What to eat: Focus on anti-inflammatory foods and antioxidants - foods like broccoli, spinach, pasture-raised eggs, cauliflower, and bok choy. Magnesium-rich foods like spinach and dark chocolate (sign us up!) are also great for this time of the month as they help balance estrogen and progesterone. And don’t forget about zinc (found in sesame seeds!) and vitamin E (found in sunflower seeds) which help to stimulate progesterone production.
The Luteal Phase
What’s happening: Progesterone levels are at their peak and estrogen levels hold steady for most of this phase, only starting to decrease in the last few days. During this phase, your insulin sensitivity may decrease, which means your cells may not be quite as good at taking up blood sugar. You may find that you’re more hungry, with stronger cravings. Your caloric needs might also increase during this time - about 5-10% - meaning you’ll naturally need a bit more food, too.
What to eat: vitamin C supports healthy progesterone production and estrogen elimination. Opt for foods like sweet potatoes, strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries. Continue focusing on foods like kale, carrots, and healthy fats, too.
The Bottom Line
Today we sat down with Wild.Ai founder Hélène Guillaume a seasoned triathlete and Femtech trail blazer. In this episode Hélène shares her vision for Wild.Ai, an app she developed with world renowned Female Physiology and Nutrition Dr. Stacy Simms.
Join us to learn from Holistic Hormone Nutrition Krista King, MS, RDN, LDN, IFNCP on how to eat with your menstrual cycle!